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Swiss Science, African Decolonization and the Rise of Global Health, 1940-2010


Basler Beiträge zur Geschichtswissenschaft (BBG)
Caroline Arni / Susanna Burghartz / Lucas Burkart / Martin Lengwiler / Claudia Opitz-Belakhal / Frithjof Benjamin Schenk (Hrsg.)

BBG
186: Lukas Meier
Swiss Science, African Decolonization and the Rise of Global Health, 1940-2010
2014. 323 Seiten, 14 Abbildungen, 3 Karten. Broschiert.
sFr. 58.- / € (D) 58.- / € (A) 60.-
ISBN 978-3-7965-3347-1
Swiss Science, African Decolonization and the Rise of Global Health, 1940-201058.00


Von der Feldforschung zur Globalen Gesundheit – and back again ... Schweizer Wissenschaft und die Dekolonisierung Afrikas

Wissenschaftliche Neugierde ist grenzenlos. Auch in der Schweiz. Das Schweizerische Tropeninstitut errichtete bereits in den frühen 1950er Jahren zwei Forschungslaboratorien in Afrika: das Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques (CSRS) an der Côte d’Ivoire sowie das Swiss Tropical Institute Field Laboratory (STIFL) in Tansania. Das Buch erzählt die Geschichte der Schweizer Wissenschaft an diesen Schauplätzen. Es beschreibt den Wandel von einer auf die Schweiz bezogenen Wissenschaft zu einer aktiven Forschungspartnerschaft.

After World War II, and especially during the decolonization era, Switzerland became more closely involved in African affairs. Swiss research institutions were established in both West and East Africa – the Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques at Côte d’Ivoire and the Swiss Tropical Institute Field Laboratory in Tanganyika. Playing a key role in exchanges of individuals, ideas and objects between Switzerland and Africa, these institutions evolved into scientific hotspots, ultimately led by African scientists and deeply embedded within the local scientific systems. This volume analyzes the successive transformations and paradigm shifts of Swiss science in Africa – from the study of nature and collection of specimens, through development aspirations, to more recent research partnerships. By tracing this history from late colonialism to the period of development aid and structural adjustment, the work aims to contribute to a better understanding of the burgeoning field of global health. 

Aus dem Inhalt

Introduction: Science, Medicine, and Decolonization

Chapter 1: Decolonization, Development and Geographies of Knowledge

Chapter 2: Switzerland in the World

Chapter 3: Scientists in the Field

Chapter 4: The Charitable Impulse: Development and Nutritional Research in Switzerland and Africa

Chapter 5: The Empire Retreats: Medical Research, Development and the Rise of Social Medicine

Chapter 6: The Transformation of Swiss Science in the Era of Structural Adjustment

Chapter 7: The Governance of Malaria Research in Tanzania

Epilogue: Science and Decolonization Revisited  

Lukas Meier is a scientific collaborator at the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute. He studied History and Political Sciences at the Universities of Basel, Bern and Wisconsin Madison, receiving his PhD from the University of Basel in 2012. His research interests include African history and the history of science. 

"But the book is much more than a case-study: it recounts fascinating pages in the history of public health, nutrition and malaria research. It explores the uncharted territory of post-colonial medical science, and offers a precious prehistory of what is now known as global health." Medical History, Guillaume Lachenal, April 2015

"This makes for demanding reading, but the result is a goldmine of original stories of science, politics and public health in Africa." Medical History, Guillaume Lachenal, April 2015

"Swiss Science ist eine hervorragende Dissertation und ein höchst willkommener Beitrag zur postkolonialen Schweizer Wissensgeschichte." Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Lea Haller, Juni 2015

"Meiers Arbeit ist wichtig, und das gleich in vielerlei Hinsicht. Zum einen ist dem Autor eine sehr lesenswerte Abhandlung zur Geschichte der Medizin, besonders mit blick auf die Vernetzung zwischend er Schweiz und Afrika gelungen, zum anderen zeigt der Autor sehr detailliert, welchen Grössen eine solche Entwicklung unterworfen ist [...]" Historische Rezensionen, Riccardo Altieri, 12. September 2015